The Effect of Music on Parental Participation During Pediatric Laceration Repair

Gregory Sobieraj, Maala Bhatt, Sylvie LeMay, Janet Rennick, Celeste Johnston

Abstract


The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to test an intervention on the use of music during simple laceration repair to promote parent-led distraction in children aged 1 to 5. Children's songs were broadcast via speakers during laceration repair and parents were encouraged to participate in distracting their child. The proportion of parental participation was determined. Laceration procedures were videotaped and objectively scored using the Procedure Behavior Check List. A total of 57 children participated in the study. There was no difference in parental involvement between the control and intervention groups. When age, sex, and condition were controlled for, distress scores were significantly higher if the father was present in the procedure room than if only the mother was present (43.68 vs. 23.39, t(54) 4.296, p = < 0.001). It was concluded that distress varies with the age of the child and the parent who is present during the procedure. Providing music during simple laceration repair did not increase the proportion of parents who were involved in distraction.

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