Exploring the Impact of Prostate Cancer Radiation Treatment on Functions, Bother, and Well-Being

Maher M. El-Masri, Susan M. Fox-Wasylyshyn, Colvin D. Springer, Sheila Cameron

Abstract


Though many studies have explored the effects of radiation therapy on urinary, sexual, and bowel function and/or bother, few have focused on symptom experiences from diagnosis through the first year following completion of radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of 3 types of radiation treatment on functions, bother, and well-being in men with prostate cancer at 1, 6, and 12 months after completion of treatment. A repeated measures survey (N = 73) found that none of the function, bother, emotional, social, or functional well-being scores were significantly different among the 3 groups. However, within-subjects-only repeated measures ANCOVA suggested that emotional well-being and social well-being are different over time. The findings show that clinical treatment of prostate cancer has an impact on functions, bother, and well-being of patients. Thus, it is important that nurses and other health-care providers listen to what patients are saying before, during, and after treatment.

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